For decades, three foreign companies (ESSO, Texaco and Shell) assumed the import, refining and supply of fuel in Cuba. They transported the oil in their boats from wells of their property and sold it to the Cuban State to almost three dollars a barrel. Then, the state paid them for the refining and the production of derivatives, which were then sold, in the network of gas stations of these transnationals. Currently the country has 4 refineries: Ñico Lopez, Sergio Soto, Camilo Cienfuegos and Hermanos Diaz.
In 1960 the nationalization of the companies began and at the beginning of that year the revolutionary government intervened in the Sergio Soto refinery known as the RECA Refinery, located on the outskirts of the City of Cabaiguán, Santi Spíritus province. Then, on June 28, 1960, according to Resolution 166 of the revolutionary government, the Texaco plant was intervened in Santiago de Cuba. Three days later, the same luck happened in Havana, the ESSO facilities and the Anglo-Dutch Shell.
The main objective of refineries is to maximize the supply of domestic demand for petroleum products.
As part of the projection of the refining branch up to 2030, a series of projects aimed at increasing the processing capacity to meet the projected demand for oil derivatives in the Cuban market are included, to bring the quality of the products obtained to international market standards, improving efficiency in the production process, minimizing the impact on the environment and obtaining positive refining margins that allow the economic sustainability of the system.
From the refining of crude oil the following products are obtained:
Refining products obtained in Cuba: